The EU Horizon 2020 project “Visual History of the Holocaust: Rethinking Curation in the Digital Age” (2019–2022) explores the potentials as well as the limitations of digital technologies in the ongoing effort to preserve, analyze and communicate historical evidence of the Holocaust, and in particular audiovisual records. It is coordinated by the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Digital History (Vienna), in close collaboration with the Austrian Film Museum (Vienna).

Upcoming and Recent Events

Teaching with Digital Exhibitions: The Gas Chamber and the VHH-MMSI

03.06.2021, 15:00 to 03.06.2021, 17:30

This paper focuses on artistic representations of the Nazi gas chambers and demonstrates how this icon of Holocaust memory can be used as the thematic and visual skeleton of a digital exhibition.

This event poster shows written text with the event details only.

Migrating Images in the Digital Age: Multimodal Curation of Visual Records from the Liberation of Nazi Concentration Camps in Digital Infrastructures

06.05.2021, 14:00 to 06.05.2021, 15:00

Digital media and new forms of visual appropriation by digital means intensified the constant circulation of photographs and film footage related to historical events. Next to “classical” media such as films, paintings and graphic novels, nowadays also digital short videos or Internet memes refer to historical imagery. As migrating images, the visual records from the liberation of Nazi concentration camps inform complex and multilayered chains of references.

This event poster shows a black and white photograph of several people working in a film archive.

Unfolding the Visual History of the Holocaust through American Liberation Footage

08.04.2021, 13:00 to 08.04.2021, 14:30

With a focus on color film footage shot by the U.S. Ary Air Forces at Buchenwald concentration camp, this presentation provides an overview of how the use and reuse of government films is explored in the VHH project.

Media Reports

Media Report

Bildsprache des Massenmords: Digitalisierungsprojekt „Visual History of the Holocaust"

SWR2 - Wednesday, 27.01.2021

Radio feature by Sabine Mahr as part of the broadcast series „SWR2 am Morgen” on SWR2, a radio channel of the Südwestrundfunk (the regional public broadcasting corporation for the southwest of Germany)

Media Report

Holocaust-Gedenken auf Instagram und Co

Der Standard - Wednesday, 27.01.2021

Newspaper article by Bert Rebhandl published in the science section of the Austrian daily “Der Standard”



The Westerbork Film Revisited: Provenance, the Re-Use of Archive Material and Holocaust Remembrances

Fabian Schmidt, The Westerbork Film Revisited: Provenance, the Re-Use of Archive Material and Holocaust Remembrances, in: Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, no. 40/4 (2020), 702-731.

The essay analyses modifications of the Westerbork footage that were applied most likely during the 1980s and discusses ethical questions about dealing with archival footage.


Bildraum und Ausstellungsraum. Reenactment und Immersion?

Ulrike Koppermann, Bildraum und Ausstellungsraum. Reenactment und Immersion?, in: Visual History, 22.02.2021,

At museums and memorial sites, the interpretation of a photograph greatly depends on its presentation, but on closer examination, some spatial arrangements raise ethical questions.


Atrocity Film

Fabian Schmidt, Alexander Oliver Zöller, Atrocity Film, in: Apparatus. Film, Media and Digital Cultures in Central and Eastern Europe, no. 12 (2021), 1-80.

What if the SS as the main Nazi organisation responsible for the Holocaust produced a secret film about the persecution and murder of the European Jews during World War 2?


D2.5 Report on Digital Curation of Popular Culture Content

Digital curation of popular culture content is mainly based on discovering and operationalizing relations. This document introduces the Visual History of the Holocaust Taxonomy of Relations for annotating and analyzing relations between different assets.